How to Calculate Pips in Forex Trading

The value of a pip in foreign currency (F.X.) trading might be a difficult concept to grasp. When it comes to currency movement, a pip is the 4th decimal place throughout most currency pairs, making it the smallest unit of measurement. 

A one-pip shift in the EUR/USD, for example, would equal a change from 1.1016 to 1.1017 in the pair. Most brokers offer fractional pip pricing, so you’ll notice a fifth decimal place in some numbers, such as 1.10165, where the 5 represents five pipettes or five-tenths of a pip.

The amount of profit or loss that a pip of movement generates depends on both the currency pair you are trading and the money you used to fund your trades. 

Pip value is crucial since it has an impact on risk. Without knowing how much a pip is valued, you will be unable to accurately calculate the optimal position size for a trade. And you may wind up risking either too much or too little on a given transaction.

Pips in Different Markets

Pips are utilized in a variety of financial markets, including forex, CFDs, and cryptocurrency trading. In this section, we will examine the various ways in which pip changes in several types of financial markets.

Stock Trading Industry

Pips are most often utilized in foreign exchange trading, and few stock traders are familiar with this concept, which is unfortunate. The increase or decrease in the value of a pip in a stock’s value is rarely notable. 

This is due to the fact that, in most circumstances, the price movement of stocks is significantly more aggressive than the price movement of currency pairings. 

As a result, even the most minor price change on stocks is usually greater than one pip. For example, if the stock price swings 10 U.S. dollars up or down by one cent, this is referred to as a pip movement.

CFD trading

In CFD trading, a pip also symbolizes the slightest difference in the value of the underlying security that occurs before the value of your CFD fluctuates. 

It is also known as the last decimal point. However, it has two decimal places instead of one. For example, if you purchase a CFD on the XYZ stock for $1.00 US dollars.

Cryptocurrency Trading

In cryptocurrency trading, a pip is sometimes referred to as a one-digit price fluctuation at a particular level. For the most part, all of the leading digital currencies are exchanged at the same rate as the United States dollar. 

As a result, a dollar’s worth of movement will be represented by one pip. Consider the following example: if you purchase a crypto asset for 100.00 US dollars, the next price of that item at 00.00 or 101.00 US money will equal a single pip. 

It’s vital to remember that lower-value digital currencies have a variety of trading scales, each with a different pip measurement that can be in a fraction of a single cent or cents, depending on the currency.

To summarize, pips behave differently in different markets. They are often regarded as the most essential and valuable unit of measure among Forex traders when it comes to quantifying movements in the market.

How do Pips do its job?

A pip is a fundamental notion in the world of international exchange (FX). Forex pairings are being used to communicate exchange quotations, and are accurate to four decimal places, through bidding and asking quotes that are displayed on a chart. In layman’s words, forex traders buy and sell currencies whose value is noted as a percentage of the value of a different currency.

The movement of the currency rate is indicated in percentage points (pips). The lowest possible change in the value of most currency pairs is one pip because they are quoted to a total of four places decimally. It is possible to compute the worth of a pip by multiplying 0.0001 or 1/10,000 by the current rate of exchange.

For instance, a market trader wishes to purchase the USD/CAD pair will do so by buying U.S. dollars while simultaneously selling CAD to complete the transaction. In contrast, a trader who wants to sell U.S. money would sell the USD/CAD pairing while simultaneously purchasing Canadian dollars. To refer to the difference in price between bidding/asking of two currencies and to signify the amount of profit or loss that can be achieved from a deal, traders frequently use the phrase “pips.”

(JPY) Japanese pairs are quoted with two decimal places, which is a noticeable exception from the norm.

1 For two currencies such as the EUR/JPY, the worth of a pip is equal to one-hundredth of a percentage point divided by the current exchange rate.

It is always varied between currency pairs in terms of the value of one pip due to the variances in the exchange rates of different currencies in the world. 

When the United States dollar is used as the quote currency, there is a phenomenon that occurs. When this is the case, the value of the pip for a notional quantity of 100,000 monetary units is always equivalent to US$10, regardless of the currency pair.

Example of the Pip Real-Time

A mixture of inflation and depreciation can cause rates of exchange to become unmanageable to the extent that they are uncontrollable. Customers who are compelled to carry enormous quantities of currency suffer as a result, and trading becomes uncontrollable. The idea of a pip will lose its significance.

The most well-known instance in history is of this occurred in Germany’s Republic in Weimar, when the rate of exchange plummeted from 4.2 per dollar to 4.2 trillion marks in 1923 of November, marking the beginning of the Great Depression.

One good example is the Turkish lira. This case reached the stage of 1.6M to the dollar in 2001. This was too high for many trading platforms to cope with at the time.

The currency rate was called the new Turkish lira after the government removed the six zeros from the equation. As of January 2021, usual exchange rate is 7.3 lira, which is a much more fair figure.

How is pip value calculated in forex?

Continue reading to learn how to compute percentage points (pips) across different currencies. While you are interested in learning how to calculate these numbers, you are also interested in learning how brokerage firms make these decisions. 

When you have a clear grasp of both sides of the situation, you can make more informed decisions about which transactions to complete.

1. For currency combinations in which the United States dollar serves as the counter currency

The same pip values apply to all two currencies. The United States dollar is exchanged as the counter currency in a trading account based on U.S. dollars, regardless of the underlying money. The U.S. dollar serves as the counter currency in currency pairs such as the GBP/USD, EUR/USD, NZD/USD, and AUD/USD.

Essentially, the movement of an exchange rate such as the EUR/USD from 1.2000 to 1.2001 would reflect a one pip increase in the exchange rate, which means that the pip size in the EUR/USD is 0.0001 percent. 

This one pip movement corresponds to a $0.10 shift in value on a micro lot of 1,000 euros, a $1 shift in value on a mini lot of 10,000 euros, and a $10 shift in value on an entire lot of 100,000 euros. When trading in a U.S. dollar-pegged to the dollar account, those are the pip values that you would see.

To compute the pip value for a EUR/USD pair when the pip size is 0.0001, the spot rate is 1.12034. The position size is €100,000. You would enter the following information into the formula stated: 0.0001, 1.12034, €100,000.

When trading a currency pair in which neither currency is the account currency, you multiply the 10 pip value per whole lot by the rate of exchange between the counter currency and the account currency, which in this case is the GBP/USD. This is seen when trying to trade the EUR/GBP pass currency pair in a U.S. dollar-denominated profile.

2. Pairings using USD as the base dollar or USD alone as the base dollar

Most other currency pairs, such as USD/CAD and USD/JPY, have the U.S. dollar as the main currency, and their pip values differ from one another. When dealing in a U.S. dollar-denominated fund, you must divide the size by the exchange rate in order to compute the pip value when the USD is the base currency.

For example, suppose the USD/CAD rate of exchange is traded at 1.4000, and you have a $200,000 stake. In that case, the pip value is one pip, or 0.0001 x $100,000 equals CAD$10 because the Canadian dollar is the counterpart currency.

For that $200,000 position, if you wanted to convert the pip value to dollars in the United States, you would need to divide it by the USD/CAD conversion rate of 1.4000 CAD in the United States. This would provide a USD pip value for that $200,000 position.

3. Cross currency pairs calculation

When trading a currency pair in which neither currency is the account currency, you multiply the 10 pip value per whole lot by the rate of exchange between the counter currency and the account currency. This is when trading the EUR/GBP cross currencies in a U.S. dollar-denominated fund.

If the GBP/USD rate is 1.4000, the pip value for a EUR/GBP whole lot position of 200,000 euros is 20 x 1.4000, or $28, based on the current GBP/USD rate.

4. Shortcuts for calculating the pip value

In general, if you trade in a currency pair using an account denominated in a specific cryptocurrency and the currency in which the account is denominated is the counter currency of the pair, there is a shortcut to calculating the pip value that is rather simple to remember.

Essentially, holdings in that pair will have a set pip worth of 0.10, 1, or 1 counter currency units, depending on whether you are trading a mini, micro, or whole lot, respectively.

How Pip Value Helps in forex trading

When initiating a position in currency pairings with similar volatility levels, pip values provide a valuable indication of the risk involved and the amount of margin necessary for each pip. 

Suppose you do not execute a correct computation of the pip value in a particular currency. In that case, you will be unable to make an appropriate evaluation of the risk you are incurring by having a position in that currency pair, which will result in a loss of money.

A further consideration is that, because forex transactions are frequently leveraged, the pip cost of positions is multiplied by the leverage amount employed. Learning the pip value of a currency pair allows you to utilize money management strategies. 

This is seen in calculating the optimal size for any trade within the confines of the size of account and risk tolerance you have established. A trader who does not have this understanding may end up taking on excessive or excessively small risks in a trade.

Why are pips in forex trading important?

The computation of the pip value is effective because it helps you to mitigate the impact connected with it more effectively. If the pip worth is not known, you will be unable to establish the optimal size for the position under consideration. 

Furthermore, it enables you to understand how different currency rates operate as well as how to calculate profit and loss, which is particularly useful in day trade, where even a small shift in pips may have a significant impact. 

Almost always, the base value of your account sets the pip price volatility that will be used for all of the available currency pairs in your trading account.

Example: If you open a Forex account in the United States Dollar (USD), the USD will be the stated currency, so you’ll be able to watch changes in its pip value over time. For any Forex trader, it is not difficult to comprehend that pips are extremely valuable and important to his or her trading strategy.

Does using the forex calculator help?

Pips Calculator makes it possible to make an accurate pip value calculation in the relevant currency by entering the desired currency in the appropriate field. 

In order to decide whether or not a certain deal is worth the effort, money, and danger involved, it is necessary to understand the pip value. It will also enable you to manage risk in a more effective manner.

What is leverage in forex and its uses?

To put it another way, leverage is defined as the relationship between the sum of money you have in your bank and the resulting product of positions that the broker enables you to take.

Every time you access a position where the value of the position exceeds the value of your balance, you are utilizing leverage. According to the broker, market laws, and asset class, the maximum leverage varies from moderate 2:1 for equities to outlandish 300:1 in the F.X. market, among other things.

Although leverage helps you multiply your gains, it also enables you to bear your losses. It is frequently referred to as a two-edged sword because of its potential for abuse.

Despite the considerable dangers associated with leverage, there are a few distinct advantages.

  • Returns that are magnified: The primary benefit of using leverage is that it increases returns. This can be particularly effective during periods of low volatility, when market movement may not be big enough to generate considerable returns on a consistent basis.
  • Reduction in initial outlay of funds: Using an account allows you to experiment with multiple brokers without having to retain a large sum of money on the outlet — which is useful when testing out a new provider.
  • It allows you to pursue numerous options at the same time, which increases your chances of success in diversification. For example, if you’re already fully invested (unleveraged), but you come across a low-risk chance, you could use margin to take advantage of the opportunity. It is necessary to have risk appraisal and management abilities in this scenario.

Best Forex Brokers 

First and foremost, if you are fascinated with Forex trading, the most essential thing you must do is select the most appropriate brokerage firm that will help you achieve your financial objectives.


RoboForex is regarded as a secure broker for trading through its Cyprus-based business. The broker has a longstanding operation experience and has served a large number of traders. 

There is a wide variety of account types and trading platforms, as well as free unique trading alerts and research tools, as well as powerful trading capabilities that are suitable for both novice and experienced traders.

However, an international proposal is made available through an offshore business, where the circumstances are different, the trading charges for stock CFDs are greater, and there is no 24-hour customer service available.

Vantage FX

It was established in 2009 and is regulated by the ASIC (Australia), the FCA (United Kingdom), and the CIMA (Canada) (Cayman Islands). Offerings vary greatly depending on the company, just as they do with other multi-national brokers.

With additional platforms from Zulutrade and DupliTrade and its custom mobile app, Vantage separates itself from other brokers. This helps to round out Vantage’s offering in comparison to other MetaTrader brokers.

Even though Vantage’s research and instructional offerings are growing, the broker still has a long way to go before it can compete with the finest brokers in this area. 

A greater variety of in-house textual content, for example, could assist in balancing the company’s overall offering, which is currently dominated by third-party assets, such as video.

Traders concerned about costs may find Vantage’s contract Raw ECN account to be an excellent solution. While the Raw ECN account has a reduced all-in cost than the Standard account, it is more expensive than the Standard account.


We hope that you now have a thorough understanding of what pips represent and how you can utilize them to elevate your forex trades to a higher degree of proficiency. 

Recall that grasping the pip concept is critical to dealing with all of the fluctuations in foreign exchange rates in the most efficient manner. 

Understanding the pip concept and the pip value of each currency pair allows you to calculate the actual figure of pips of risk you will be taking on each trade. It will also assist you in determining whether or not a particular transaction is worth taking the risk involved.